domingo, 7 de enero de 2018

Individual Oral




IB English B HL Individual Oral Outline      



Resultado de imagen de photographs  with captions for individual oral activity ib english b
•Duration: 8 - 10 Minutes (plus 15 minutes preparation)  

•Weighting: Individual 20%
                           +
                     Interactive (10%)

                                                      = 30% Total IB Grade

•This component is based on the options: cultural diversity, customs and traditions, health, leisure, science and technology.
                                                                                                      

*   Divided into three parts

Part 1  PREPARATION

• Supervised preparation time - You will receive a previously unseen photograph, with a title or caption, selected by your teacher. The photograph is related to one of the options studied. (15 ´ )

When you are shown the photograph, you are allowed 15 minutes prep. time and may write working notes (aprox. 10 short points).

Prep. Where is the setting?
          What is happening and is there an issue or main idea?
          Who is involved?
          Why are the people behaving this way?
          How does the photograph relate to the topic?
          Which option is indicated in the caption?
          Re-read the caption. Underline or circle key words.
          Think of English-speaking cultures. What does the photograph tell you about them?
          What is your viewpont on the issue suggested by the photograph?

• These notes should be used for reference only and must not be read aloud as a prepared speech.




Part 2 PRESENTATION

•  You will describe the photograph and relate it to the option and the target culture. (3 - 4 ´)

The presentation should last 3-4 minutes and has to be within the context of the option of study to which the photograph refers.

  1.  State your name and candidate number.
  2.  Identify what your photograph is about
  3.  Describe it
  4.  Explain the caption and how it relates the photograph
  5.  Relate the photograph to the topic and express an opinion

 Tips:
  • Do not memorize or rehearse the presentation.
  • Vary the vocabulary and structures you use.
  • Produce accurate and effective language.
  • Use words and structers effectively.
  • Use idiomatic phrases and expressions.
  • Speak fluently.
  • Vary your intonation patterns and pronounce words clearly.


•Teachers should avoid interrupting the flow of the presentation unless the student needs guidance.



Part 3 DISCUSSION

• You will engage in a discussion with your teacher after this. Discussion based on a topic from the other options studied may be introduced if that contributes to interaction. (5-6 ´)

*     
• The purpose of this activity is for you to demonstrate that you are able to speak fluently and coherently, expressing ideas, opinions and reflections upon what you have learned about the target cultures.

The discussion should:

• Probe more deeply into your understanding of the cultures reflected in the material.

• Encourage you to express opinions and engage in a real conversation

• Lead to further understanding of the topic


• Challenge your views in order to generate authentic discussion

·        
    Expand your responses by giving examples, using personal anecdotes, using current events, referring to things you have read, seen, discussed with others…

     Be active and express well-developed ideas ( response+explanation+example)

• Induce a connection with the your own culture(s), for example, pointing out similarities or differences, or comparing the same situation in both cultures.



 EXAMPLES


Resultado de imagen de photographs for individual oral activity ib english b
Resultado de imagen de photographs for individual oral activity ib english b


Useful questions to interact with the students.


HEALTH
·         BEAUTY
o   What is beauty?
o   Is beauty important?
o   What makes a person beautiful?
o   Who decides who or what is beautiful?
o   Do you think the concept of beauty is the same today as it was 100 years ago?
o   Do you think you have the same concept of beauty as your friends?
o   Are only young people beautiful?
o   Do you think we are conditioned by advertising to think what is beautiful or not?
o   Do you agree with the English proverb “ Beauty is only  skin deep”?
o   Do beautiful people have better lives? Are beautiful people more successful?
o   Is there more pressure on women to be beautiful than there is on men?
o   How can beauty be related to health?
o   Do you worry about your health?

·         DIET AND EATING DISORDERS
o   Have you ever been on a diet?
o   Are there any dangers of dieting?
o   What´s your advice for anyone who wants to diet?
o   Do you know anyone who is obsessed with their weight?
o   Why are people so worried about the way their body looks?
o   How often do you weigh yourself?
o   Do you think the fashion industry and advertising is responsible for encouraging women to be super skinny?
o   What are, in your opinion, the causes of eating disorders?
o   What do you know about anorexia?
o   Which do you consider worse: obesity or anorexia?
o   Is obesity a disease or a choice?
o   Do eating disorders affect men and women in the same way?

·         COSMETIC SURGERY Vs PLASTIC SURGERY
o   Is there a difference between cosmetic and plastic surgery?
o   What do you think of the idea of having cosmetic surgery to improve your looks?
o   Is cosmetic surgery more popular with men or women?
o   What do you think are the dangers of cosmetic surgery?
o   Do you think there should be an age limit for people to have cosmetic surgery?
o   What advice would you give to a friend who wants cosmetic surgery?
o   Does cosmetic surgery always makes people look better?
o   What is your opinion of having botox to remove your wrinkles?
o   Would you change any parts of your body? Why?/ Why not?

·         ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE
o   Have you ever tried alternative medicines?
o   What are the types of alternative medicine that are available? Is it only herbs?
o   It is said that alternative medicine has no side effects. Do you agree?
o   People often maintain that alternative medicines are “natural”. What does “natural” actually mean in this context?



CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS         
·         SOCIAL AND RELIGIOUS EVENTS
o   Do most people work out a religion for themselves or simply follow their ancestors´ religions?
o   Do you think that religion has a positive or negative effect on the world?
o   Do you think religion is the cause of most conflict in the world?
o   Do you think that cults are dangerous?
o   Do you think that religious people are happier?
o   Do you believe in an afterlife?
o   What sacrifices may people do due to their beliefs?
o   Do you think any of these acts are justified?
o   There is a debate in some European countries about the use of certain forms of traditional dress: burka. Hijab…what do you think about legal attempts to control them?


·         DRESS CODES
o   Do you think that the clothes we wear reflect what is inside us?
o   What is a dress code?
o   Are dress codes effective?
o   What do dress codes tell us about a culture?
o   Does your school have a dress code?
o   Do you think it is necessary?
o   Is it similar or different to other schools you may know?
o   Can someone wear a uniform and still be themselves?
o   Is it essential that certain social or professional group wear uniform? Why?
o   Do you agree with your school policy on uniforms?
o   Should everyone be allowed to wear what they want?
o   Do uniforms prevent conflicts?
o   Are you in favour or against uniforms?
o   What things should employers keep in mind when deciding on a dress code?



LEISURE
·         EXTREME SPORTS
o   Do you like to exercise?
o   How often do you exercise?
o   Why do so many people like sport?
o   Do you prefer playing or watching sport?
o   What differences are there between team sports and individual sports?
o   Would you like to play a sport for a living?
o   What are the world´s most dangerous sports?
o   What are extreme sports?
o   Why do people participate in extreme sports?
o   Why are they popular?
o   Why are new types of sports being created all the time?
o   An extreme sport is a sport which is dangerous to the person practicing it. What´s your opinion of these?
o   Why are extreme sports more popular than they were 50 years ago?
o   Are there any sports that you think should be included as an Olympic sport?

·         HOBBIES- GREAT HOBBIES
o   What can one do as a hobby?
o   Why do people have hobbies?
o   Are hobbies safe or dangerous?
o   Do you think a hobby is different from a sport?
o   What is your hobby?
o   How many hours a week do you spend on it?
o   Does your hobby influence your choice of friends?
o   Are there any hobbies you would like to try?
o   Can you make money from doing a hobby?



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